One of the big decisions writers make is whether to choose a real location for the backdrop of their overall story or create one of their own imaginings. Crafting a world from scratch can be a lot of work (requiring a deep understanding of society, infrastructure, rules, governmental influence, and much more). But this avoids a problem associated with real-world locations: reader bias (when the reader’s own emotional ties to a real place influences their reading experience).
Imagine your character is living in an area that the reader grew up in. Even if you carefully researched the setting, maybe visited it yourself, the reality is that people and places will change over time. Stores close, schools are torn down, and social dynamics change, making safe neighborhoods unsafe or vice-versa. Landmarks might change and beloved sports teams move on. When readers discover you’re writing about a place they used to know, initially they’re excited. But if the details of your story don’t match what they remember, it causes a ripple in their experience, and they may lose faith in your storytelling ability.
Reader bias can be an issue If you get too granular in details likely to shift over time, but there are also many good reasons to place your story in the real world. Readers can slip into the action easier when they understand it takes place in Chicago or Amsterdam because they recognize these areas and can fill in blanks as far as how “big picture” society works. Reading about familiar places also helps your audience feel connected to the story’s cast because of shared life experiences and naturally occurring common ground.
So, let’s say you decide to set your book in a real place. This means a road trip is in order, right? Well, maybe. Is it close enough to travel to? Do you have the budget for it? If so, go for it (when it’s safe to do so, of course). There’s nothing better than getting first-hand sensory detail. In fact when Becca and I created the Urban and Rural Setting Thesaurus books we visited most locations in person. But, Like now, travel isn’t always in the cards (or the wallet) so sometimes we need a work-around: research.
3 Basic Real-World “Biggies” To Nail Down For Any Location
Climate and Seasons: As we all know, any location looks different season to season. Climate influences everything–the flora and fauna, what people wear, the types of buildings, you name it. Understanding the temperature, humidity (if it’s a factor) and local weather conditions are important so you can nail those descriptive details that will make a reader feel part of a scene.
Topography: The type of landforms tied to your location are also a big part of the story. Whether you’re in a populated area or not, knowing natural components (trees, rivers, plants, flowers, etc.) and manmade elements (buildings, infrastructure, etc.) will create realism. And by better understanding the landscape you can zero in on features and dangers that can help you turn your scene’s setting into an obstacle course, generating realistic conflict that will block your protagonist from their goal.
Social Issues, Language, and Culture: The people who live in a real-world location influence the shape and structure of it (colors, styles, government, local events, food, entertainment, modes of travel, art, music, etc.). Slang, customs, gender roles, religion, and dress will likely be unique to this area.
For example, at the height of summer, you might be tempted to have your characters slip on flip-flops on their way out the door. But if they live in a rugged mountain town known for hiking and other forms of recreation and active living, light hiking shoes or treaded sandals might be their go-to. It’s a small detail, but one that can cause you to trip as an author because local readers would know better. Writing about real-world locations means never skimping on the research or making blanket assumptions, or a resulting logic goof might pull readers out of the story.
Angela’s Favorite Setting Research Bookmarks
We know what information to dig for, so now it’s about doing it. Here are some of my favorite sources for setting detail.
You Tube: Some settings Becca and I couldn’t see firsthand, either because they were too dangerous, off limits (AKA trespassing), or too far away. You tube was invaluable. If you have a specific place in mind, run a search and pair it with “tour” or “walkthrough.” Often, you’ll find just what you need, straight from a local’s perspective.
Wiki Travel: They say there’s a Wikipedia for everything, and “they” might be right. Run a search for a location here and you’ll pull up all sorts of interesting local data: how to get around, things to do in the area, typical food and drink, climate, history, neighborhoods of interest…check it out!
Pinterest: Is there anything Pinterest can’t do? I don’t think so! Type in your location and see what pops up. Even better if you can pair it with an activity that ties into your book. For example, I typed in “Ohio Camping” and all kinds of detail gold came up.
National Centers For Environmental Information: This site is great for accessing the weather and temperature for different areas and is especially helpful for US locations.
National Geographic Interactive Maps: You can find a lot of statistical information about different parts of the world from this site—give it a whirl!
Google Earth: Street view can show you a lot of extras that help fill in the blanks when it comes to a particular setting.
The Setting Thesaurus: Becca and I investigated 225 different setting locations and gathered the sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and textures associated with each so you know what your character may encounter and use our sensory detail to bring readers deeper into your story.
FYI, this thesaurus is also at One Stop For Writers, and has been expanded to include many other settings.
Feel free to check it out using our 2-week free trial.
Angela is a writing coach, international speaker, and bestselling author who loves to travel, teach, empower writers, and pay-it-forward. She also is a founder of One Stop For Writers, a portal to powerful, innovative tools to help writers elevate their storytelling.