We all know how important it is to read within our genre. Doing so shows us what elements make those books successful (and also what overdone tropes to avoid). But reading outside of our genre can be just as helpful. It’s always a good idea to examine what works and why, so we can apply those successful components to our own stories. Fairy tales have been around forever, and Grimm’s stories have particular longevity. What universal guidelines can we borrow from them to bolster our own writing? Shonna Slayton is going to show us what she’s learned from these age-old tales.
One of the best ways to learn how to write better fiction is to study the work of great authors. Now, the Brothers Grimm may not be the best technical writers, but their collection of fairy tales has stood the test of time. There are several lessons we can learn from them about entertaining readers.
1. Don’t Be Subtle
Too often, we tone things down. We write with nuance, assuming that everyone will know what we’re talking about. But the Grimms’ tales teach us how to work with extremes in all aspects of storytelling: characters, setting, plot, theme.
Characters are either down to their last piece of bread or they live in a gold castle. It’s not good enough for the evil queen to send the princess away; the princess must be killed. If a bargain is struck, it’s in exchange for a life. Extremes can be useful when it comes to setting up stakes and character motivations.
Consider the evil queen in Little Snow-White when she finds out she is not the fairest in the land:
Then the Queen was shocked, and turned yellow and green with envy. From that hour, whenever she looked at Snow-White, her heart heaved in her breast, she hated the girl so much.
And envy and pride grew higher and higher in her heart like a weed, so that she had no peace day or night.
She called a huntsman, and said, “Take the child away into the forest; I will no longer have her in my sight. Kill her, and bring me back her heart as a token.”
The huntsman lets the girl go and kills a wild boar, bringing back its heart instead. Then:
…The cook had to salt this [heart of a wild boar, given as proof from the huntsman], and the wicked Queen ate it, and thought she had eaten the heart of Snow-White.
The queen thinks she is literally eating the heart of the one she hated so much! There is nothing subtle about that.
Take a look at your own WIP and see if you are being too subtle. Start with your stakes… are they clear? What in the text specifically points to those stakes? Highlight those sections. If the highlights are few and far between, consider adding more references to keep the stakes in the forefront of the reader’s mind.
2. Focus On Reversals
Fairy tales are all about change, reversals in fortune. How the character begins the story is not how they end it. They grow up. They escape their captivity. They become kings and queens.
The classic tale of reversal is Cinderella. After her mother dies and her father remarries, Cinderella becomes the household servant, daily derided by her family until she goes to a ball and catches the eye of a prince. The reversal is made starker in the Grimms’ telling as even her father puts her down:
“There is still a little stunted kitchen-wench which my late wife left behind her, but she cannot possibly be the bride.”
The King’s son absolutely insisted on it, and Cinderella had to be called. She seated herself on a stool, drew her foot out of the heavy wooden shoe, and put it into the slipper, which fitted like a glove. And when she rose up and the King’s son looked at her face, he recognized the beautiful maiden who had danced with him and cried, “That is the true bride!”
What are the reversals like in your WIP? Create a chart and copy/paste the descriptions, actions, and dialogue you have of your characters at the beginning of your story and at the end. Do you see growth in the character? Do you see changes in circumstances? Can you define these more?
3. Remember Justice
A central theme in fairy tales is that the good are rewarded and the evil are punished.
A satisfying ending includes a final judgment scene where the protagonist, who has been struggling and fighting for the entire story, finally wins. In contrast, the person or force they’ve been fighting is taken down and crushed.
Here is how the Grimms end The Goose-Girl. When the false bride was asked how she would punish someone who acted falsely, here is her reply:
Then the false bride said, “She deserves no better fate than to be stripped entirely naked, and put in a barrel which is studded inside with pointed nails, and two white horses should be harnessed to it, which will drag her along through one street after another, till she is dead.”
“It is you,” said the aged King, “and you have pronounced your own sentence, and thus shall it be done to you.”
Analyze the final judgment scene in your WIP. Can you heighten the reward and clarify the protagonist’s downfall?
I love this example because all three of the techniques we’ve discussed have been implemented. The guilty party is being punished, the methods are extreme, and her role in the story has been reversed.
There are many more lessons to learn from Grimm. After all, there are two hundred and ten stories in their final collection of fairy tales! If it’s been a while since you’ve read these stories, why not take another look and see what you can learn?
SHONNA SLAYTON writes the Fairy-tale Inheritance Series and is the co-creator of the Fairy-tale Forum group on Facebook. Her newest book, Lessons from Grimm: How to Write a Fairy Tale, is now available for purchase.
She finds inspiration in reading vintage diaries written by teens, who despite using different slang, sound a lot like teenagers today. When not writing, Shonna enjoys amaretto lattes and spending time with her husband and children in Arizona.